USSO

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USSO Agro Livstock Cooperative.

Cattle

Somalia has entered the global market. Marketing beef to neighboring countries and to international markets. Somali beef is hearty strong and as a new entry to livestock has shown great promise of surviveability and long term growth that rivals the production of other countries. We enter the market to be the front runner in this emerging market and bring Somali Beef to the world marketplace.

Camel

Our camel market is already established in the market place has a chance of survivability. While camels have been a source of transportation for thousands of years they have also been a valuable food source thousands of years and the market already exists. They have the added benifit of still being a valuable transportation resource. Also the milk is used througout africa.

Caprinae

Somali has a long history of producing sheep and goat livestock. There is already a market and the animals flourish and reproduce as they have for thousands of years. We are brining our traditional livestock to global market so every one has a chance to enjoy what Somali has enjoyed for thousands of years. The best in quality meats that promote good health and longetivity.


Introduction

USSO AGRO Livestock Cooperative Inc.

It is needed to prepare feasibility study that explains the profitability, the benefit of the project to the society, and the availability of financial sources. The sources of the project can be collected through issuing shares and international agencies such as UNDP, USAID, Turkey, and some other international agencies.

The mission is to increase food security in Somalia in the long term. This can be achieved by creating, among other things, an environment that assists livestock sector in terms of health, sustainable grazing, availability of water, safety, training available to the local community and management of the livestock system.

This will increase the production of meat and milk production that will reduce the poverty of the Somali people entirely.

The problem is that there is a lack of regular rainfall throughout the land of Somalia. Therefore it is a need to adapt a strategy that will alleviate this problem which is to introduce, water wells, rotational grazing in the pastoral area so they will not face the irregularity of the rainy season.

Interventions aimed at strengthening the livestock sector in the developing world are relevant for reducing poverty and hunger as hundreds of millions of rural households rely heavily on livestock for sustaining their livelihoods. Farm animals generate opportunities for on-and off-farm employment and provide an important supplement to the grain-based diets of the people.

The livestock sector's potential for reducing poverty and enhancing food security has been under-exploited as the sector has long been treated as an appendage only to adjacent to only agriculture.

Somalia is a developing country located in the horn of Africa. The climate in Somalia is mainly arid to semi-arid and moderate and severe droughts occur regularly. The Somalis are having a history of a trading and commerce dating back from the 1880s until the Somali republic was formed in 1960 as a independent state. The Somali civil war broke out in 1991 and the situation in Somalia today is still very turbulent and reliance on food aid is widespread.

Agriculture and livestock production is the largest sector in Somalia and live animals are a significant source of export income. A majority of the Somali population is nomadic and moves seasonally with the livestock depending on availability of pasture and water. The people rely on milk and meat as a source of staple food and cash income. The pastoralists are highly dependent on the environment and its natural resources and are threatened by droughts, political marginalization, food shortages etc.

Economy

In 2008, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Somalia was US $5.896 billion based on Purchasing Power Parity (PPP method) or US$ 600 per capita (CIA, 2010). However, the Gross National Product (GNP) is higher due to remittances from Somalis living abroad. The agricultural sector contributes to the GDP by 60 percent, while 30 percent comes from the service sector and 10 percent from the industry. The livestock accounts for about 40 percent of the GDP and 65 percent of the export (CIA, 2009) and is the main source of Somali livelihoods (FAO, 2004). Agricultural products in Somalia consists of variety of things such as bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans, cattle, sheep, goats and fish.

In 2006, the exports amounted to US$ 300 millions; the main commodities were livestock, skins, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal and scrap metals (CIA, 2009). Imports amounted to US$ 798 millions in 2006 and the main commodities were manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials and qat. During the last years, telecommunications, constructions, money transfer companies and trade have become more important.

Somalia has been food insecure for the past 20 years and the prevalence of undernourishment by 70 percent is one of the highest in the world. The situation is due to the civil war and natural disasters like flooding, drought and sandstorms (Aquastat, 2005). In 2002, 43 percent of the population was estimated to be on a per capita income of less than US$ 1/day.

The country currently faces issues like famine, use of contaminated water contributing to human health problems, deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion and desertification (CIA, 2009), uncontrolled urbanization, general insecurity and civil conflicts (Aquastat, 2005).

Pastoralists

Pastoralism and semi-pastoralism, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population (CIA, 2009). Men are usually in continuous movement with the livestock while the women stay settled with the children (UNDP, 1998). For the pastoralism, clan and sub-clan affiliation plays an important role in social and economic life, and the clan-kinship is strongly maintained across international boundaries.

The nomads move the livestock to the areas with most feed available, depending on season and rainfall (SATG, 2004). The pastoralism usually maximize the herd size in belief that the more animals they have entering a drought period, the more will survive (Prevolotsky, 1986).

The most regular source of cash income for the nomads is the camel milk and they often depend on milk for their livelihoods (Veterinaires, 2006). The milk from camels, goats and cows is also a staple food and a major source of proteins and vitamins for both rural and urban populations. The unequal supply of milk during the year, depending on the access to animal feed, is a major challenge to the people.